On July 7th, 1742, the Bloody Marsh Battle took place as an outnumbered force of British troops took over and defeated the Spanish troops and stopped their plan to attack Fort Frederica in Georgia. Since then, the Bloody Marsh Battle Site has stood as an outdoor observation area that explains the battle that took place, and in so doing, ended once and for all Spain’s claims on any Georgia land.
About the Battle
Having taken place during a retaliatory campaign headed up by Spanish governor Don Manuel de Montiano, the English troops (led by General James Oglethorpe) attacked St. Augustine two years prior and now had their sights set on Fort Frederica. The Battle of Bloody Marsh is frequently described as an ambush of sorts, though original accounts describe the coming of the Spanish as such:
“…Whereupon the General hearing platoons firing immediately made haste that way and met three of the platoons who in the smoke and drizzling rain had retreated in disorder and the fire continuing he ordered them to rally their men and follow him…”
The English troops held off the Spanish until they ran out of ammunition and had no choice but to retreat and relinquish their plans to take over Fort Frederica.
Today the Bloody Marsh Battlefield is a unit of Fort Frederica National Monument and visitors can come to the memorial site on any day from 8:30 a.m. until 4:00 p.m. This site is one of many historical sites along St. Simons Island and its presence provides a great opportunity for a historical lesson and insight into the people and culture of the island in its early years as it was first being settled. There is no fee to visit Bloody Marsh St. Simons Island, which is located at 11806 Old Demere Road, St. Simons Island, GA 31522.